In the quest for a cleaner and more sustainable transport, two technologies are emerging: electric cars and fuel-cell cars. The two vehicles are both zero-emissions, but their generation and storage of energy are different. hydrogen fuel-cell cars and electric cars
Hydrogen fuel cells vs. Electric cars
Electric cars, like hydrogen fuel-cell cars, use electric motors for their wheels. But they are different in the way they generate and store energy. Here’s an overview of the differences.
Energy source. Electric cars use electricity stored in batteries, while cars with hydrogen fuel cells generate electricity from a reaction between oxygen and hydrogen.
Range: Electric vehicles typically have a 100-300 mile range on a charge. Fuel cell cars that use hydrogen can travel between 300 and 400 miles using a single tank.
Refueling. Electric vehicles can be refueled at home and public stations. Charging time can range from several hours to several days depending on the speed of charging. Hydrogen fuel cell cars can only be refueled using hydrogen refueling stations. These are currently rarer than electric charging stations.
Cost: The cost of hydrogen is currently lower in some areas than the cost of electricity.
Infrastructure: Electric charging infrastructure can be more readily available than hydrogen refueling facilities, making electric cars more convenient for certain drivers.
Despite being relatively new technologies both electric cars, as well as hydrogen fuel cell cars, have much room for improvement and innovation. Here are some future developments to keep an eye out for.
Battery Technology: Battery technology is rapidly improving, which should increase the range of electric cars and make them more affordable.
Hydrogen production. Production of hydrogen is becoming increasingly efficient and sustainable. This will make fuel-cell cars powered by hydrogen more competitive.
Infrastructure: The government and private sector are investing heavily in the development of charging infrastructure and refueling infrastructure. This will allow electric cars as well as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to be more convenient.
Market acceptance: As people become more aware of the advantages of zero-emission cars, market acceptance is expected to continue to grow.
Both hydrogen fuel cells and electric cars can revolutionize transportation while reducing emissions. Although electric cars are available more readily and at a lower cost, hydrogen fuel cell cars could have longer ranges or quicker refueling. Both technologies should continue to evolve as the world moves toward a cleaner and more sustainable future.